Pasadena’s OneWest Bank gave most advocacy groups the stiff arm when they asked the bank to commit to more lending and other benefits in lower-income communities in exchange for giving their blessings to its proposed merger with CIT Group in Livingston, N.J.

But L.A.’s City National Bank, which announced its plans to be acquired by Toronto’s Royal Bank of Canada on Jan. 22, decided to play ball.

City National worked with the California Reinvestment Coalition, a San Francisco organization of community groups, to hammer out an agreement to provide $11 billion in small-business lending and other benefits over the next five years. The plan, announced late last month, is part of the Community Reinvestment Act, a law requiring regulators to scrutinize a bank’s history of serving lower-income communities and small businesses before signing off on a new branch or merger.

While the coalition enthusiastically threw its support behind the CRA plan, that didn’t guarantee other advocacy groups would fall in line. The Greenlining Institute in Berkeley, a stalwart ally of the coalition on many issues, initially broke with the group on City National’s plan before withdrawing that opposition last week.

Other naysayers remain, leaving bank analysts to ask whether any community benefit plan will satisfy enough groups to avoid the kind of raucous public hearing CIT and OneWest executives sat through in downtown Los Angeles in February.

If City National finds itself going through a similar wringer, it would stand to reason that banks seeking to merge in the future would see less upside in engaging with advocacy groups, said Wade Francis, a former bank examiner and president of Long Beach bank consulting firm Unicon Financial Services Inc.

“To a great degree, it kind of does a disservice when you discourage people who have made a legitimate effort,” Francis said. “The approval process was never meant to be a hostage-taking situation.”

All City

City National built a reputation as the “bank to the stars,” lending money to the movie industry back when it was still viewed as risky and full of less than creditworthy scoundrels. The bank, along with longtime Chief Executive Russell Goldsmith and his family, have long supported local organizations.

The coalition’s executive director, Paulina Gonzalez, said that track record carried weight with her when the bank approached her to negotiate a Community Reinvestment Act plan. She also credited City National for being proactive, reaching out to her organization the morning the RBC deal hit the news wires – and incorporating some of her ideas. This was despite the fact that the bank’s existing CRA plan, which was set to expire this year, did not have the coalition’s blessing. It’s likely the bank’s willingness to work with the organization was influenced by the opposition to OneWest’s proposed merger.

“(City National) called us the moment (its) merger was announced and said, ‘Let’s sit down and figure this out,’” Gonzalez said.

Still, she said the negotiation with bank executives was tough.

“We pushed hard,” Gonzalez said. “I think we challenged the bank beyond maybe what they wanted to do when they went in.”

A spokeswoman for City National provided the Business Journal with a statement saying the bank did adopt several of the group’s suggestions.

“From these conversations have come a number of good ideas that we’ve incorporated into our $11 billion commitment to support small businesses and underserved communities,” the bank said in its statement.

Gonzalez drew a stark contrast to the approach of OneWest, which is backed by Wall Street types such as George Soros and Michael Dell. OneWest and CIT have also made a CRA commitment, but at $5 billion over four years, Gonzalez said it pales in comparison with what City National brought to the table.

“You have these private equity billionaire investors with no connection or commitment to the community,” she said. “OneWest is taking this as, Let’s just hope the regulators approve this quickly, throw some money around and make it go away.’”

While Francis and a number of other banking industry observers told the Business Journal they expect the OneWest-CIT merger eventually to go through, the public hearing held in February has stretched the deal’s time line, setting up a back and forth with regulators that could add months. The two banks agreed to their deal in July and expected it to close in the first or second quarter of this year, but that’s looking increasingly less likely.

Gonzalez is encouraged by this closer look at the OneWest-CIT merger, although she doesn’t believe the same level of scrutiny should be given to City National’s plan, given the size and scope of its community commitment.

“Regulators should be putting banks through an onerous process if there isn’t a strong CRA plan in place,” she said. “In the case of City National, we believe there is. I think that’s a very different story than OneWest.”

Good deal?

But that wasn’t the verdict reached by all community groups.

The Greenlining Institute did not initially support the deal, and the Los Angeles Latino Chamber of Commerce, which supports OneWest’s merger, remains vociferously opposed to City National’s plan. (Visitors to the chamber’s website are greeted by an image of OneWest’s logo and a headline thanking the bank for its sponsorship.)

Theresa Martinez, the chamber’s chief executive, said City National has focused on L.A.’s pockets of wealth and neglected the poorer, largely Latino Eastside.

“The merger with a too-big-to-fail Canadian bank will only exacerbate City National’s isolation from the Latino community,” she told the Business Journal in a statement.

Gonzalez acknowledged that this splintering isn’t ideal and said she’s pleased Greenlining came around, though she denied any influence in getting the institute to switch its stance.

But despite Greenlining’s change of heart, there’s still a chance that regulators will decide to go ahead and hold a public meeting about the City National deal.

Francis said the regulators will hold a hearing if they feel it’s necessary to appease people and that the support – or opposition – of community groups isn’t enough to sway regulators one way or another. He does wonder, though, why community groups seem to wait until a merger is imminent to voice their complaints with banks.

“The timing is very curious,” he said. “I would ask those groups that are opposing: When was the last time they filed a complaint outside of an application?”

But Gonzalez believes groups like hers exist to make sure banks provide a CRA plan – which is transparent, public and can be used to hold them accountable. And any good negotiator knows to capitalize on leverage, and it’s hard to find a better time than when a multibillion-dollar deal hangs in the balance.

The coalition has already proved to OneWest that its opposition can make things more difficult. Its next challenge is to prove to City National that its support can make things easier, or it risks losing some of the substantial bargaining power that helped it secure the bank’s $11 billion commitment.

“Hopefully that means something both to the banks and the community,” Gonzalez said.

For reprint and licensing requests for this article, CLICK HERE.