Baby boomers are reaching retirement age, and that’s driving up demand for senior housing — and interest from investors.
In a recent survey, CBRE Group Inc. found that 62% of investors were planning to add more senior housing to their portfolios. In part, that’s because the returns are strong. Over the last five years, senior housing gave investors a 14% return on investment, compared with a 9.2% return on multifamily investments over the same period.
“We felt like we could get some higher returns than were available in multifamily without taking additional risk,” said Shlomi Ronen, principal at Century City-based Dekel Capital.
In Los Angeles, demand for senior housing is especially strong due to the large aging population, a relative lack of existing stock and a particularly lengthy process for zoning the projects.
“The demand is unbridled,” said Patricia Will, chief executive of Belmont Village, which owns seven senior living facilities in L.A.
“Unfortunately, we aren’t able to satisfy the immediate demand. While that may be a good problem as a businessperson, it’s indicative of the demand we as an industry and a city just can’t keep up with.”
Investors grow into senior living
Bennett Johnson, a vice president at CBRE, said the senior housing segment is heating up. “In the last five years, I’ve seen a shift in terms of not only the amount of money but the type of investors coming into the space who historically viewed it as a niche market and are now seeing it as a major food group,” he said.
Johnson added that there has been more interest from real estate investment trusts, or REITs, and private equity the last few years.
Downtown-based Colony Capital Inc. in June refinanced $1.73 billion of consolidated debt in its health care segment, which included senior housing properties. As of March 31, the group’s health care portfolio had 192 senior housing properties.
In March, White Oak Healthcare Finance announced a new REIT that’s looking to invest $500 million in senior living and skilled nursing assets.
Century City-based Kayne Anderson Real Estate Advisors is also betting on senior housing. Since 2013, the group has invested in 74 private-pay senior housing communities. The group touts itself as the 20th largest owner of senior housing in the United States.
CBRE reports there are currently 23,500 professionally managed senior housing and nursing care communities in the United States.
L.A.’s tight market
Senior living is also becoming increasingly urban — a trend developers attribute to Baby Boomers being interested in things like access to transit, museums, concerts and volunteer opportunities.
Bryan Lewitt, a managing director at Jones Lang LaSalle Inc. said the L.A. market is “undersupplied.”
Senior housing occupancy rates are higher in Los Angeles than in much of the rest of the country, reaching 90% and above for many local providers.
Belmont’s Westwood location, for example, is at 100% occupancy with a five-year waiting list. Another Belmont facility, in Encino, is also 100% occupied.
Dekel Capital is especially interested in urban development. The company is a joint-venture partner with Willis Development on a number of senior housing projects. It has three operational projects, and Ronen said the group is looking to create one senior housing complex per year.
In January, the group assembled more than $59 million in debt and equity financing for a 113-bed assisted living and memory care facility in Glendale at 525 W. Elk Ave.
In December, South Bay Partners filed plans for a senior living community near Century City. It is expected to start construction in 2021 and will have 192 units — 71 will be independent living, 75 will be assisted living and 46 will be memory care living. The project, located at 10330 Bellwood Ave., will have an onsite wellness center that offers yoga and swimming. There will also be a shuttle to take residents to grocery stores, doctor appointments and on other outings.
In April, Sawtelle-based Meta Housing Corp. and Western Community Housing Inc. broke ground on the Vermont Corridor Apartments, a $51.4 million project in Koreatown that will provide affordable housing for seniors. The group has been developing housing for low-income seniors for more than 30 years.
“The need for senior housing in Los Angeles is tremendous, so we worked with the county and the local community to design and develop a project that would serve some of the neighborhood’s neediest and most vulnerable residents,” Aaron Mandel, executive vice president of Meta Housing, wrote in an email.
The project was able to secure subsidies to provide affordable housing.
No easy task
Senior housing developments face particular challenges in getting up and running. As demand grows, many L.A. developers and investors have been frustrated by the high cost of land and the long local entitlement process — something they say has led to the current lack of supply.
“It’s very difficult to locate and zone the real estate,” Belmont’s Will said. “The process is very long. The demand and the need are great.”
Once built, the facilities require more attention than a typical housing development. Lewitt of JLL pointed out that senior living often includes amenities for the elderly and some caregiving elements.
For that reason, most owners outsource the management of senior facilities. Dekel and Willis work with Milestone Retirement Community to operate their buildings.
“You cannot just build it,” Lewitt said.
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