"The expectation is that it will then roll into a permanent ordinance," said Parks. "I think so highly of it, we are going to insist to our (city) planning director that it become part of our community plans."

The California Restaurant Association, a state trade group, had previously expressed concerns over Perry's proposed moratorium last year. A spokesman said it would not comment on the ban, because it had just learned of it from the Business Journal.

But in an e-mail interview, Lara Diaz-Dunbar, senior vice president of government affairs at the association, reiterated concerns about Perry's proposed moratorium. She said any law that chooses "winners" and "losers" in an industry sets a "troubling precedent."

"While the California Restaurant Association shares council member Perry's concerns about the health of her constituents, we question whether this ordinance is the best approach to promoting nutrition and healthy lifestyles," said Diaz-Dunbar, adding that more should be done to promote health education.

Representatives of Carpinteria-based CKE Restaurants Inc., the parent of Carl's Jr. and several other fast-food companies, did not return telephone calls for comment. A regional spokesman for Oak Brook, Ill.-based McDonald's Corp. referred the matter to a local franchisee.

Hazy numbers

The proposed moratorium will be discussed by the council's Planning and Land Use Management Committee in July and could be voted on by the full council in August.

But one issue that is unclear is exactly how many restaurants either a moratorium or ban would apply to.

Perry estimated that 40 percent of the city's fast-food restaurants are in the 32-square-mile area. But city planning documents do not indicate exactly how many fast-food restaurants there are in total. However, according to a canvas conducted by the Los Angeles Times, the area has 900 restaurants and 45 percent are fast food, which would mean about 400 fast-food outlets are in South Los Angeles.

The proposed language of the moratorium, which was released last year, defined fast-food outlets as restaurants that have a "limited menu, items prepared in advance or prepared or heated quickly, no table orders, and food served in disposable wrapping or containers."

However, Perry told the Business Journal that the ban would not apply to eateries such as Subway, which has built an ad campaign around its purportedly healthier fare, and La Salsa, which serves higher-quality Mexican fast casual food.

She has made it clear that her intentions are to improve the restaurant food choices for South Los Angeles residents.

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